The low-carb vegan diet has similar health benefits

Log

American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

Research method

Randomized clinical/controlled trial

The title of the article

Vegan low-carbohydrate diets in diabetes for weight loss and sustainability: a randomized controlled trial

Conflict of Interest Statement

This study was funded by the Canola Council of Canada with additional funds from Loblaw Companies and a major supply of simulated meat products from Loblaw Companies and Gardein Protein, Vancouver. External funders and sponsors had no role in the design and conduct of the study; in the collection, analysis and interpretation of data; in the preparation, review or approval of the manuscript; or in the decision to submit the manuscript for publication. DJAJ has received research grants from the Saskatchewan and Alberta Pulse Grower Associations, Agricultural Bioproducts Innovation Program through Pulse Research Network, Advanced Foods and Materials Network , Loblaw Companies Ltd., Unilever Canada and the Netherlands, Barilla, Almond Board of California, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Pulse Canada, Kellogg’s Company, Canada, Quaker Oats, Canada, Procter & Gamble Technical Center Ltd., Bayer Consumer Care, Springfield, NJ, Pepsi/Quaker, International Nut & Dried Fruit Council (INC), Soy Foods Association of North America, The Coca-Cola Company (researcher-initiated grant, unrestricted ), Solae, Haine Celestial, The Sanitarium Company, Orafti, International Tree Nut Council Nutrition Research and Education Foundation, the Peanut Institute, Soy Nutrition Institute (SNI), the Canola and Flax Councils of Canada, the Calorie Control, Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR), Canada Foundation for Innovation (CFI) and Ontario Research Fund (ORF). It has received in-kind supplies for trials as research support from the Almond Council of California, Walnut Council of California, Peanut Institute, Barilla, Unilever, Unico, Primo, Loblaw Companies, Quaker (Pepsico) , Pristine Gourmet, Bunge Limited , Kellogg Canada, WhiteWave Foods. He has served on the panel of speakers, served on the Scientific Advisory Board, and/or received travel support and/or honorariums from Nutritional Fundamentals for Health (NFH)-Nutramedica, Saint Barnabas Medical Center, The University of Chicago, 2020 China Glycemic Index ( GI) International Conference, Atlantic Pain Conference, Academy of Life Long 390 Learning, the Almond Board of California, Canadian Agriculture Policy Institute, Loblaw Companies Ltd, the Griffin Hospital (for developing the NuVal scoring system), the Coca-Cola Company, Epicure, Danone, Diet Quality Photo Navigation (DQPN), Better Therapeutics (FareWell), Verywell, True Health Initiative (THI), Heali AI Corp, Institute of Food Technologists (IFT), Soy Nutrition Institute (SNI ), Herbalife Nutrition Institute (HNI), Saskatchewan & Alberta Pulse Growers Associations, Sanitarium Company, Orafti, International Tree Nut Council Nutrition Research and Education Foundation, the Peanut Institute, Herba life International l, Pacific Health Laboratories, Barilla, Metagenics, Bayer Consumer Care, Unilever Canada and Netherlands, Solae, Kellogg, Quaker Oats, Procter & Gamble, Abbott Laboratories, Dean Foods, the California Strawberry Commission, Haine Celestial, PepsiCo, Alpro Foundation, Pioneer Hi-Bred International, DuPont Nutrition and Health, Spherix Consulting and WhiteWave Foods, Advanced Foods and Material Network, Canola and Flax Councils of Canada, Agri-Culture and Agri-Food Canada, Canadian Policy Institute Agrifoods, Pulse Canada, Soy Foods Association of North America, Nutrition Foundation of Italy (NFI), Nutra-Source Diagnostics, McDougall Program, Toronto Knowledge Translation Group (St. Michael’s), Canadian College of Naturopathic Medicine, Hospital for Sick Children, Canadian Nutrition Society (CNS), American Society of Nutrition (ASN), Arizona State University, Paolo Sorbini Foundation, and Institute of Nutrition, Metabolism and Diabetes. He received an honorarium from the United States Department of Agriculture for presenting the 2013 WO Atwater Memorial Lecture. He received the 2013 Research Excellence Award from the International Nut and Dried Fruit Council. He has received funding and travel expenses from the Canadian Society of Endocrinology and Metabolism to produce mini-cases for the Canadian Diabetes Association (CDA). It is a member of the International 413 Carbohydrate Quality Consortium (ICQC). His wife, Alexandra L Jenkins, is director and partner of INQUIS Clinical Research for the Food Industry, his 2 daughters, Wendy Jenkins and Amy Jenkins, have published a vegetarian book that promotes the use of the foods described here, The Portfolio Diet for Cardiovascular Risk Reduction (Academic Press/Elsevier 2020 ISBN: 978-0-12-810510-8) and his sister, Caroline Brydson, received funding through a St. Michael’s Hospital Foundation grant to develop a cookbook for one of his studies. He is also vegan. BL has received funding from the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (ongoing), the Fonds de recherche du Québec – Santé (FRQS) (ongoing), the Fonds de recherche du Québec – Nature et technologies (NT) (ongoing) ), the Quebec Ministry of Health and Social Services (MSSS) (in progress), Health Canada (completed in 2022) and Atrium Innovations (completed in 2019). He is a member of the advisory board of the Canadian Nutrition Society. MEK received a PhD scholarship from the Toronto 3D Knowledge Synthesis and Clinical Trials Foundation and works part-time at Inquis Clinical Research, a contract research organization. CWCK has received grants or research support from the Advanced Food Materials Network, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC), Almond Board of California, Barilla, Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR), Canola Council of Canada, International Nut and Dried Fruit Council, International Tree Nut Council Research and Education Foundation, Loblaw Brands Ltd, the Peanut Institute, Pulse Canada and Unilever. He has received in-kind research support from the Almond Board of California, Barilla, California Walnut Commission, Kellogg Canada, Loblaw Companies, Nutrartis, Quaker (PepsiCo), Peanut Institute, Primo, Unico, Unilever, WhiteWave Foods/Danone. He has received travel assistance and/or honoraria from Barilla, California Walnut Commission, Canola Council of Canada, General Mills, International Nut and Dried Fruit Council, International Pasta Organization, Lantmannen, Loblaw Brands Ltd, Nutrition Foundation of Italy, Oldways Preservation Trust, Paramount Farms, Peanut Institute, Pulse Canada, Sun-Maid, Tate & Lyle, Unilever and White Wave Foods/Danone. He has served on the Scientific Advisory Board of the International Nut Council, the International Pasta Organization, the McCormick Science Institute and the Oldways Preservation Trust. He is a founding member of the International Carbohydrate Quality Consortium (ICQC), a board member of the Diabetes and Nutrition Study Group (DNSG) of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD), a member of the EASD Nutrition Therapy Clinical Practice Guidelines Expert Committee and is a director of Glycemic Consulting and the Toronto 3D Knowledge Synthesis and Clinical Trials Foundation. JLS has received research support from the Canada Foundation for Innovation, the Ontario Research Fund, the Ministry of Research, Innovation and Science of the Province of Ontario, the Institutes of Health Research Canada (CIHR), Diabetes Canada, PSI Foundation, Banting and Best Diabetes Center (BBDC), American Society for Nutrition (ASN), INC International Nut and Dried Fruit Council Foundation, National Dried Fruit Trade Association, National Honey Board (the United States Department of Agriculture [USDA] Honey “Checkoff” program), International Life Sciences Institute (ILSI), Pulse Canada, Quaker Oats Center of Excellence, The United Soybean Board (the USDA soy “Checkoff” program), The Tate and Lyle Nutritional Research Fund of the University of Toronto, The Glycemic Control and Cardiovascular Disease in Type 2 Diabetes Fund at the University of Toronto (fund created by Alberta Pulse Growers) and The Nutrition Trialists Fund at the University of Toronto (fund created with an inaugural donation from the Calorie Control Council ). He has received food donations to support randomized controlled trials from the Almond Board of California, California Walnut Commission, Peanut Institute, Barilla, Unilever/Upfield, Unico/Primo, Loblaw Companies, Quaker, 459 Kellogg Canada, WhiteWave Foods/Danone , Nutrartis, and Dairy Farmers of Canada. He has received travel support, speaker fees and/or honorariums from Diabetes Canada, Dairy Farmers of Canada, FoodMinds LLC, International Sweeteners Association, Nestlé, Pulse Canada, Canadian Society of Endocrinology and Metabolism (SCEM), GI Foundation, Abbott, General Mills. , Biofortis, ASN, Northern Ontario School of Medicine, INC Nutrition Research & Education Foundation, European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), European Sugar Manufacturers Committee (CEFS), Nutrition Communications, International Food Information Council (IFIC) , Calorie Control Council, International Glutamate Technical Committee and Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine. He has or has had ad hoc consulting agreements with Perkins Coie LLP, Tate & Lyle, Wirtschaftliche Vereinigung Zucker eV, Danone and Inquis Clinical Research. He is a member of the Scientific Expert Group of the European Fruit Juice Association and a former member of the Scientific Advisory Board of the Soy Nutrition Institute (SNI). He serves on the clinical practice guideline expert committees of Diabetes Canada, the European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD), the Canadian Cardiovascular Society (CCS), and Obesity Canada/Canadian Association. bariatric doctors and surgeons. He is or has been an unpaid scientific advisor to the Food, Nutrition and Safety Program (FNSP) and Carbohydrate Technical Committee of ILSI North America. He is a member of the International Carbohydrate Quality Consortium (ICQC), a board member of EASD’s Diabetes and Nutrition Study Group (DNSG), and Director of the Toronto 3D Knowledge Synthesis and Clinical Trials Foundation. His wife is an employee of AB InBev. PJHJ, MMHA, DF, DP, SSP, MP BB, SCP, PP, FL, RB, TZ, 481 MP, GM, ST, VV, EJ, LAL and RGJ have no conflicts of interest to declare.